Bolivian Orocline Chile / Argentina Sn-W Bolivia
Andina Bajo de la Alumbrera Yanacocha Distr.

The GIS Andes "Deposits" database at present contains 3301 records (last update: 09.12.2001) concerning deposits mined in the past, deposits currently under development or being mined, and projects under evaluation. The database was created both from synoptic documents – mining atlases, metallogenic maps, reports and monographs, etc. – and from information published in the specialized press (The Mining Journal, in particular). Existing digital databases were also consulted to verify and, in some cases, update a number of items. Wherever possible, the information has been cross-checked using sources of different origins. Despite being included in the database, some recent projects cannot be plotted due to lack of information on their exact location.

The core of the database having been established, it is possible to expand the database and/or enrich some of its sections with information gathered from scientific publications (journals, conference proceedings, etc.).

In developing the "Deposits" database under MicrosoftÔ Access Ò , it was necessary to create new ranked glossaries (in French, English and Spanish) to provide for data consistency. These included a gitology glossary incorporating the very latest developments of modern metallogeny, as well as a classification of deposits (metals, rocks and industrial ores) by size and substance, updated in the light of recent discoveries. The annotated deposits are divided by substance into five size-based classes in terms of POTENTIAL (contained metal or substance):

Potential = cumulative production + reserves + resources

 This prospective classification method differs from classifications based on annual production rates, which can be influenced by many economic parameters and "erase" former or abandoned large deposits (e.g. Cerro Rico de Potosi, Bolivia). The classes are based on a literature survey of the various types of known deposit for each substance (about 500 deposits worldwide were taken into account), combined with a thematic search by substance.

The GIS Andes Mineral Deposit Database

Main sources (electronic and paper) consulted for the GIS Andes "Deposits" database

The references are given in reverse chronological order, i.e. from the most recent to the oldest.

General Sources

Mining Magazine, January 1999: Mining activity survey, South America, pp. 21-25.

Goossens P. J. (1998): OR, de l’Antiquité à nos jours. Société de l’Industrie Minérale, 116 p.

Mining Journal (1998): Worldwide Mining 1981-1998 (Mining Journal, Mining Magazine, Mining Annual Review, Metals & Minerals Annual Review) (CD Rom).

Mining Journal (1998): Interactive country guides (CD Rom).

IAEA (1996): Guidebook to accompany IAEA map: World distribution of Uranium Deposits. International Atomic Agency, Vienna, 1996, 225 pp., World distribution of Uranium deposits map, 1:30,000,000, third ed., 1995 (ISBN 92-0-004095-0).

Mason T.G. Jr., Arndt R.E (1996): Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS). U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-20. Retrieval software by Kim Buttleman. June 1996 – Release 1. (CD-ROM).

Eckstrand O.R., Sinclair W.D., Thorpe R.I. (eds.) (1995): Geology of Canadian Mineral Deposit Types, Geological Survey of Canada; Geology of Canada, No. 8, 640 p.

Kirkham R.V., Sinclair W.D., Thorpe R.I., Duke J.M. (eds.) (1993): Mineral Deposit Modeling, Geological Association of Canada (GAC) Special Paper 40, 770 p.

The Mining Journal (1992): Atlas of the Latin American & Carribean Mineral Industry. Edited by Andrew Robertson, 1992.

Metals Economics Group (ed.) (1991 to 1998): Strategic Reports. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Cox D.P., Singer D.A. (eds.) (1986): Mineral Deposit Models. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1693. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 379 p.

Commission for the Geological Map of the World (CGMW), Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM, Venezuela), Petroleos de Venezuela with the collaboration of UNESCO (1983): Metallogenic Map of South America, 1:5,000,000; Explanatory text, 110 p.


Angelelli V. (1984): Yacimientos metalíferos de la República Argentina. Comisión de Investigaciones Cientificas, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo de La Plata (eds.), 2 Vol., 704 p.

Angelelli V., Fernandez Lima J.C., Herrera A., Aristarain L. (1970): Descripcion del Mapa Metalogenico de la Republica Argentina. Minerales Metaliferos. Ministerio de Economia y Trabajo, Secretaria de Estado de Mineria, Direccion Nacional de Geologia y Mineria, Avda. Julio A. Roca 651, Buenos Aires, 1970, 172 p.


BOLINVEST (1996): Lista de minas o depositos de minerales de Bolivia (on diskette - 2396 minas o depositos).

U.S Geological Survey and Servicio Geológico de Bolivia (1992): Geology and Mineral Resources of the Altiplano and Cordillera occidental, Bolivia. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1975, 365 p..


Frutos J., Oyarzún R., Pincheira M. (eds.) (1985): Geología y Recursos Minerales de Chile. Editorial de la Universidad de Concepción, 2 Vol., 923 p., Anexo Mapas.


Luis Jorge Mejia, Orlando Pulido, Leonidas Angarita, con la coordinación de Joaquin Buenaventura (1986): Edición Preliminar, Mapa de Ocurrencias Minerales de Colombia, Escála 1:1.000.000, 4 Hojas, Republica de Colombia, Ministerio de Minas y Energia, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Geologico-Mineras.


Guillou Y. (1992): Coopération Minière Franco-Equatorienne. BRGM Report R 38503, 287 p. (in French & Spanish – unpublished).


Atlas Mineria y Energia en el Perú (1998): Ministerio de Energia y Minas, Av Las Artes Sur 260 – San Borja. Lima 41 – Perú (April 1998), 109 p.

Teoría y acción del Mundo Minero, Año XVII n° 181. Director Luciano C. Deliot. Lima, 30 April 1998, 99 p.

INGEMMET (1997) – Ocurrencias Minerales. Base de datos, 4 x 3½" discos.


Simón E. Rodríguez M. (1986): Recursos Minerales de Venezuela. Boletín de Geología, Vol. XV, N° 27, Diciembre 1986. Republica de Venezuela, Ministerio de Energia y Minas, Direccion General Sectorial de Minas y Geologia, 228 p.

Alirio Bellizzia G., Nelly P. de Bellizia, Simon Rodriguez (1981): Recursos Minerales de Venezuela y su Relacion a la Metalogenesis. In Minerales de Venezuela, Republica de Venezuela, Ministerio de Energia y Minas, Direccion de Geologia., Boletín de Geología, Publicación especial n° 8, 119 p., 2 mapas.